Indroduction

Climate change resolutions of Paris 2015 - Climate neutrality by 2050!

 

Main parts of the solution:

 

  • Strong reduction of mobility-related emissions

  • Sustainable mobility through fuel cells and H2.

  • Absolutely climate-neutral and emission-free vehicles. 

  • Hydrogen is the true fuel of the future.

  • With this project, Malta shows the big nations all over the world how to do it – just by doing it!

 

Hydrogen - The Promising Element

 

More than 100 elements are known in chemistry, over 90 of which occur naturally. Elements are substances which cannot be broken down into simpler substances and from which all other substances are formed. Hydrogen is an element – but not just any element. Hydrogen is the smallest and lightest of all elements. Hydrogen was the first element created in space after the Big Bang. And it is the first element in the periodic table in modern chemistry. 

 

Hydrogen was discovered in the 18th century as a flammable gas. Important technologies for producing and using hydrogen were developed in the 19th and early 20th century. Even then, its potential for the energy industry was recognised. We now know that hydrogen has a very high specific energy content (calorific or heating value). In some contemporary visions of the future, hydrogen played a prominent role as an energy source. 

 

Hydrogen was given new impetus in the 1960s by space travel, which relied heavily on hydrogen as an energy store, and in the 1970s as a consequence of the energy and oil price crises, when the search began for alternative energy concepts. During the 1990s energy prices were low – as was ENERGY OF THE FUTURE? interest in novel energy forms. Nevertheless, issues around sustainability, climate protection and environmental protection began to have a growing influence on energy supply policy. This sparked a new interest in hydrogen as a clean and sustainable energy option. 

 

Over the past two decades, the energy debate has been and is still dominated by other energy sources – such as natural gas, biofuels/biomass and electricity. Throughout this period, however, intensive research and development in hydrogen-related technologies has continued. Nonetheless, hydrogen has so far failed to gain commercial acceptance either generally or in individual application areas as a new energy source. Owing to high capital investment costs and a long useful life of energy infrastructure, it takes considerable time for new energy sources to capture a significant share of the energy market. 

 

IN SUMMARY

 

  • Hydrogen is the most common substance in the universe and the richest energy source for stars. 

  • Hydrogen (H) is the first element in the periodic table of modern chemistry and is also the smallest, lightest atom.

  • Pure hydrogen occurs on Earth only in molecular form (H2). Hydrogen on Earth is usually found in compounds, most notably as water molecules (H2O).

  • Hydrogen has long been regarded as an energy carrier of the future. It is also discussed as the foundation of a sustainable hydrogen economy.

  • Owing to its physical properties, hydrogen is an almost permanent gas. Hydrogen gas only liquefies at very low temperatures (below –253°C).

  • As hydrogen has a very low density, it is usually stored under pressure. Liquefaction increases its density by a factor of 800. 

  • The characteristic property of hydrogen is its excellent flammability. Due to its chemical properties, hydrogen has to be handled with care.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Now the century of hydrogen begins!

 

>> In the beginning, there was hydrogen. << Hoimar von Ditfurth 1972

HYDROGEN Production

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